Dating after alcoholism
Several reasons contribute to the underreporting of sexual assault cases.Many victims do not tell others about the assault, because they fear that they will not be believed or will be derogated, which, according to research findings, is a valid concern (Abbey et al. Other victims may not realize that they have actually experienced legally defined rape or sexual assault, because the incident does not fit the prototypic scenario of stranger rape. For example, in a study by Abbey and colleagues (1996b), a woman wrote, For years I believed it was my fault for being too drunk.The prevalence of sexual assault, both involving and not involving alcohol use, cannot be accurately determined, because it is usually unreported.Estimates of sexual assault prevalence have been based on a variety of sources, including police reports, national random samples of crime victims, interviews with incarcerated rapists, interviews with victims who seek hospital treatment, general population surveys of women, and surveys of male and female college students (Crowell and Burgess 1996). A., are research assistants in the Department of Community Medicine and doctoral students in the Department of Psychology, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan. D., is an assistant professor in the Department of Behavioral Sciences, University of Michigan-Dearborn, Dearborn, Michigan. Abbey from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.Despite advances in researchers understanding of the relationships between alcohol consumption and sexual assault, many questions still need to be addressed in future studies.The woman, who believes that she has clearly emphasized her nonconsent, tries to resist through reasoning and by physically struggling (Koss 1988).
Due to their accessibility, college student surveys tend to employ the most thorough measures of sexual assault by including the largest number of behaviorally specific questions.
Among college students, a typical sexual assault occurs on a date, at either the mans or the womans home, and is preceded by consensual kissing.
In addition, the assault involves a single assailant who uses no weapon, but twists the womans arm or holds her down.
For example, some fraternities encourage both heavy drinking and sexual exploitation of women (Abbey et al. In fact, many pathways can prompt a man to commit sexual assault, and not all perpetrators are motivated by the same factors (Seto and Barbaree 1997).
This article, therefore, describes several different ways in which alcohol consumption by the perpetrator and the victim can encourage sexual assault.