Dating emigrant ie
but it is only possible to quantify it from around 1700: since then between 9 and 10 million people born in Ireland have emigrated.
This is more than the population of Ireland at its historical peak in the 1840s of 8.5 million.
This had social and cultural consequences for the cultivation of the language abroad, including innovations in journalism.
The language continues to be cultivated abroad by a small minority as a literary and social medium.
The diaspora, broadly interpreted, contains all those known to have Irish ancestors, i.e., over 100 million people, which is more than fifteen times the population of the island of Ireland, which was about 6.4 million in 2011.The Government of Ireland defines the Irish diaspora as all persons of Irish nationality who habitually reside outside of the island of Ireland.This includes Irish citizens who have emigrated abroad and their children, who are Irish citizens by descent under Irish law.The traditionally Gaelic-speaking areas of Scotland (the Highlands and Hebrides) are still referred to in the Gaelic language as a' Ghàidhealtachd ("the Gaeldom").Irish monks, and the Celtic church, pioneered a wave of Irish emigration into Great Britain, and continental Europe (and they were possibly the first inhabitants of the Faroe Islands and Iceland).
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Roman Catholics and members of dissenting Protestant denominations suffered severe political and economic privations from Penal Laws.